India is well known to the world for its ancient civilization and magnificent historical heritage. Many examples of historical monuments can be seen in different parts of India. The biggest challenge today, we are facing is the preservation of our heritage sites. But surprisingly one of the big achievement for India comes in 2013, during the 37th meeting of world heritage committee of UNESCO, in Cambodia. Where 6 forts from the Indian state of Rajasthan were given the status of World Heritage Sites and are known as Hill Forts Of Rajasthan.
When we hear the name Rajasthan the first thing that comes to our mind is the Forts!. The forts remind us about the powerful warriors who resist the foreign invasion for a long time. Forts are the symbol of victory, courage, and glory. There are many forts present in the state of Rajasthan thus it is also known as “the land of Maharajas”.
There is a number of forts present in Rajasthan but UNESCO selected the 6 forts, which are constructed on hills and symbolizes the glorious history of Rajasthan. UNESCO named them as The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan.
UNESCO World Heritage Site – The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan
Combination of 6 forts that comes under the status of Hill Forts Of Rajasthan are:
- Chittorgarh Fort
- Kumbhalgarh Fort
- Ranthambore Fort
- Jaisalmer Fort
- Amber Fort
- Gagron Fort
The Fort always remains the symbol of proud for the kingdom of Mewar. It has seen many ups and downs. The Chittorgarh has seen the largest Jauhar in the history of India, which was led by Rani Padmini. To know more about Jauhar and Chittorgarh click here.
There are total 64 historical places present inside the Fort. Which includes complexes and temples. Vijay smarak and Kirti smarak are the two must be seen things in the fort. Bappa Rawal, Rana Kumbha and Rana Sanga make the Chittorgarh the center of power during their times.
I think Kumbhalgarh fort is the most underrated Fort present not only in India but also in the world because everyone knows about Great Wall of China. But few people know that the fort wall of Kumbhalgarh Fort is the second largest continuous wall after the great wall of China. Kumbhalgarh was also the part of Mewar Kingdom. It was constructed by Rana Kumbha and one of the great kings in Indian history Maharana Pratap was born in Kumbhalgarh fort. The walls of the Fort extend over 38 km which gives it the status of second largest wall in the world. Very interesting lighting show takes place during evening time in the fort premises. A brief history of Kumbhalgarh, the life of Rana Kumbha and Maharana Pratap is covered in the show.
To know some of the untold stories of Mewar kingdom please click here
The Fort lies within the boundary of Ranthambore National Park. It is also known as Madhavrao Fort because during British time Sawai Madhavrao of Amber used to come here for hunting. The Fort of Ranthambore is known for the glory and power of Chauhan dynasty. It is the great example of Rajput era military Fort. Today the Hill Fort of Ranthambore stands alone and surrounded by the greenery of the national park.
The Fort is one of the biggest Fort present in the world. The Fort lies in the Thar desert of Rajasthan near the India Pakistan Border. Once the Fort hosts the merchants and caravans as it lies on the silk route. It serves as the gateway of one of the important trade routes between East and West. The Fort was constructed by the Rajput ruler in 1156 AD by Rawal Jaisal and it named after him as Jaisalmer Fort. As the Fort shines in golden color during sunset at the center of the desert it is also known as Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.
The Fort is located at about 15 km from the historical city of Jaipur. Amber Fort is beautifully constructed with Redstone and marbles. The Fort is protected by the Jaigarh Fort, which is located in the hills known as Cheel ka Teela. Jaigarh Fort covers the Amber Fort from all the sides and is a great example of military architecture. Military equipment and weapons were also manufactured in the Jaigarh Fort. Most interesting thing about Jaigarh Fort is that worlds biggest Cannon is also placed here. Amber Fort is constructed at a height and looks amazing and reflects pure Indian architecture.
To know why the Queen of Amber colored the city of Jaipur in Pink, click here
It is located in Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. The Fort is constructed at a Hill and surrounded by water. It is a good place who loves silence and solo traveling. It is one of the six Hill Forts of Rajasthan in the UNESCO world heritage site.
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