The city of Delhi we are seeing today takes shape from seven cities of Delhi. Tughlaqabad was the third city among seven cities. We headed to explore the Tughlaqabad Fort, along which the city of Tughlaqabad was established and is still in existence.
History Of Tughlaqabad
In the early 1300s Ghiasuddin Tughlaq, a very popular and strong Turk governor of Multan attacked Delhi. He won it from then ruler of Delhi Nasiruddin Mohammed who belongs from Khiliji dynasty and establishes Tughlaq dynasty. The dynasty which ruled for about 95 years. Immediately after sitting on the throne Ghiasuddin Tughlaq ordered the construction of the new city Tughlaqabad. The Tughlaqabad Fort was constructed mainly to resist Mongols who were very powerful at that time. Massive construction was started strategically which also connects grand trunk road.
It is said that when the city was constructed it had 52 gates now only 13 gates remain. It also had about seven rainwater tanks. The remains of the fort are spread in the area of about 6 kilometers.
After Ghiasuddin Tughlaq his son Mohammad bin Tughlaq took over the throne and shifted his capital to Daulatabad (in Aurangabad). But due to water shortage and other problems, he realized his mistake and shifted his capital again to Tughlaqabad. He then started the construction of the city Jahanpanaha. Which is between Qila Rai Pithora and Siri.
Curse Of Nizamuddin Auliya
It is said that Ghiyasudin was a liberal ruler but at the same time he was very ambitious. His ambition was at a peak when he ordered the construction of the city of Tughlaqabad. For that, he dictated all the workers should involve in the construction of the city. Due to this the construction of the Baoli of Nizamuddin Auliya was stopped. He got angry over it and uttered a curse ” Ya rahey ujjar, ya basey gujjar” which means “either remain inhabited or would live gujjars”. Thus, after the fall of the sultanate, Gujjars captured the fort and till date they inhibited in Tughlaqabad village.
How To Reach
We reached Tughlaqabad metro station which is on the violet line. From the station, the Fort is few kilometers distant. Direct bus service and autorickshaws are available towards the fort. The fort’s entrance gate is at Mehrauli-Badarpur road. The road divides the fort and the Tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. If we follow the same road we can reach Qutub Minar. At the backside of the fort, Tughlaqabad village is present it is interesting that there is no wall at the backside and people of the village usually roaming there without tickets.
Present Condition Of The Fort
The present condition of the fort is not so good. Most of the parts today are in ruin. Few things which we found in good condition are Baoli and Prisoner lockup calls it Guffa. But the notable thing is that the place provides a tremendous view for photography. The partially broken old walls really provide good photographic views. The fort is spread over acres of area and it’s obvious once it was the capital of Tughlaq dynasty. The symbol of their power.
About The Fort By Archeological Survey Of India
The Tughlaqabad Fort, third city of Delhi was build during 1321-1325 to serve a dual purpose of a defensive site and capital of the Sultan Ghiyasudin Tughlaq, founder of Tughlaq dynasty. The site located over rock land developed primarily in three parts i.e a citadel with fortified walls and bastions. Palace cover a large rectangular area with high rubble walls located in western direction. The Northern direction was developed as the city; in present condition, the site can be marked as ruins of houses. The site is considered as a landmark in the architectural development of Tughlaq period. The fort was linked with Ghiyasudin Tomb through a causeway Adilabad Fort located in the southeastern corner was connected through an embankment and a sluice gate was installed to control the water for irrigating the fields.
Most Attractive Spots
The fort is over the hill so we can see a proper view of the village present at the backside of the fort and the greenery of the Developed Delhi from the front side of the fort.
Two of the most attractive spots of the Tughlaqabad fort are:
We all knows that Baoli’s at that time were constructed to store water. It is beautifully constructed at that time but the maintenance of the Baoli is not up to the mark.
NOTE: It is said and some of the Archeologists claim that the famous Agrasen Ki Baoli was probably rebuilt during Tughlaq time.
There is a corridor and small chambers are constructed both the sides. It does not conform but most probably these chambers were used to kept prisoners.
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq Tomb
The tomb is separated by the road. To reach the tomb we need to exit the Tughlaqabad Fort and cross the main road. The tomb is maintained beautifully. It is really an attractive spot of that place. The place is quite and calm. Makes you feel relaxed and bring you away from the rush city life.
The architecture of medieval era inspired by Persian style is amazing. The enclosure wall and cell constructed to cover the tomb are well maintained. The complex has grasses where we can walk and have some good photographic experience. We have seen some passages but are closed.
The reddish colored tomb was constructed by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq for himself. In the complex one more tomb is present which is the tomb of very loyal Zaffar Khan the general of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.
The tomb of Zaffar Khan was the first structure built in the complex by Ghiyasuddin. The place is known as Daru-I-Aman (abode of peace). Zaffar Khan was very loyal to Ghiyasuddin and plays important role in the expansion of the Tughlaq Dynasty.
Our Experience At Tughlaqabad Fort and Tomb
We reached the fort at afternoon time so it’s quite difficult to roaming around the ruin of fort. But at evening time we feel relaxed in the complex of the fort and feels more calm and enjoyable when we reached the mausoleum. In the mausoleum, three tombs are there. These are of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, His wife, and son Mohammad bin Tughlaq. The complex of Tomb is beautifully maintained and spending some time here gives peace and relax from the rush city life. We enjoyed the place, its medieval era architecture, and the peace.
Today the fortified complex is standing like an old man which was once the power symbol of Delhi Sultanate. It has seen various changes and modernisation of Delhi and speaks the story of the development of the city of Delhi.