It is quite difficult to completely travel the historic city of Jaipur in one day. So, here we discuss some of the selected places to travel in Jaipur at a course of one day.Jaipur is a capital city of Rajasthan. Like other places of Rajasthan Jaipur has protected its culture and architecture. It balances both, the acceptance of modern advancement along with the preservation of its historic identity. The city was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II, of Amer. It is nicknamed as Pink City. Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and one of the cities of the golden triangle of India. It serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan.
Story behind the creation of Jaipur
Maharaja Jai Singh II the ruler of Amer, ruled from 1688 to 1756. He planned to shift his capital from Amer to Jaipur to accommodate the growing population and to overcome the problem of water. He referred various books and consulted with architects about the formation of the new city. Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, was the scholar under his architectural guidance Jaipur was planned based on the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra. The construction of city was completed in 4 years and was divided into 9 blocks. Two for administration and palace and remaining seven for public. The city was painted pink during the rule of Sawai Ram Singh, to welcome the Prince of Wales. From then it maintained its pink beauty and is named as pink city.
Places To Travel In Jaipur
As a historical city, it has a lot of places to attract travelers. But here we discuss some of the shortlisted places to cover at a course of one day.
City Palace Jaipur
The City Palace complex is constructed at the core of the Pink City. The beautiful complex comprising numerous edifices, vast courtyard, and attractive gardens, gives a beautiful impression of the magnificent history of the palace. To preserve the valuable items of the medieval era some of the compartments of the palace is converted into museums and art galleries.
The design of the palace is inspired by the combination of the architectural elements of the Rajput, Mughal, Europe and the Shilpa Shastra. A perfect color combination, design, culture and art can be visualized at every nook and corner of the palace.
Attractive Spots Of City Palace Jaipur
One of the most attractive spots of the palace are the beautifully decorated gateways. There are total three entry gates to the complex:
A good example of Rajput, Islamic, and European architectural styles. The two-floored Mubarak Mahal served the purpose of reception center.
It is also known as Chandra Niwas and a seven storeyed complex. Each floor of the structure has been given a name such as the Pitam-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Sukha-Niwas, Shri-Niwas, Mukut Mahal and Chabi-Niwas. But the visitors can visit only the ground floor where manuscripts, carpets and other goods from the royal treasure have been stored.
The chamber is also known as Sarvato Bhadra, means open from all sides but not corners and was a private audience pavilion of the Maharajas. It is a marble floored hall. In the hall, there are two 1.6 meters high vessel of pure silver having a volume of 4000 liters and weighing 340 kilograms.
It is said that when the King of Jaipur was invited to the oath ceremony of the King of Wales. He traveled there with the two vessels carried Ganga water because he uses only Ganga water.
The hall was made for holding public meetings and gatherings. It is also known as Sabha Niwas. The ceiling of the building has been painted in vibrant colors. The chamber has now been converted into an art gallery, displaying exquisite miniature paintings of Rajasthani, Persian, Mughal art. The Golden throne, famous as Takht-e-Rawal used as the seat of the Maharaja is a beautiful thing to be visited by tourists.
This place belongs to the royal queen and thus named Maharani Palace. Presently, it serves for the museum and housing weapons of the royal clan.
Govind Dev Ji Temple:
The palace complex has a temple called Govind Dev Ji temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. The temple was constructed in the early 18th century. Prayers are offered 7 times a day to Lord.
Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh painted the city in pink color for welcoming Prince Albert of Wales. The color chosen was a terracotta pink as this color historically represents welcoming and hospitality.
Why Jaipur Maintained Its Distinct Pink Color?
Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh’s favorite wife who adored the color scheme. The queen convinced the king to pass a law making it illegal for buildings to be painted any other color. The law was passed in 1877 and still remains in effect today.
Famous Hawa Mahal and oil market of Jaipur is present here. City palace of Jaipur presents in pink city. It has many gates for entry and exit. The place is still beautifully maintained. During evening time the place marks the good impression of the emergence of the medieval era and modern era. Modern showrooms are present in medieval time structures.
Direct bus service is available from Pink city to the Amer Fort via Jal Mahal. The fort is present at the outer of the city of Jaipur. It was the capital of Amer Kingdom before Jaipur.
The fort is situated on the rocky hill of Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) that overlooks the Jaipur and is situated next to the Maota lake. Inside the palace, the staterooms have to be reported and can be fully explored. Highlights include the chamber of a thousand mirrors is possibly the most beautiful of all of the inner rooms which supposedly can be full lit just by a single candle. There is a delicate carving of Ganesha (Hindu Elephant god), carved from a single piece of coral.
This ancient fortress was the capital during the reigns of the clan Kachhawa (1037-1727). It was constructed in the Senibinanya artistic style, with the mergance of elements of Hinduism and Mughal symmetry throughout. The construction of the fortress-palace of red sandstone and white was started during the time of Man Singh, one of the first generals of Emperor Akbar in 1592.
Amer Fort is one of the best tourist attraction of Jaipur and the beautiful complex provides unbelievable beauty and charm. Elephants are used to transport tourists up the ridge in the main entrance of the fort and this makes for a wonderful entrance to the Amer Fort with the feeling of royalty. The Amer Fort is one of the top rated tourist attraction of Jaipur and must not to forget to visit.
Jaigarh Fort is connected to the Amer Fort. If you are visiting the Amer Fort then there are two ways to reach Jaigarh fort, One is through a tunnel which connects both the forts and second is by exiting the Amer fort and then started moving up to the Jaigarh fort.
This almost-intact fort is surrounded by the huge battlement. It was basically built to protect the Amer Fort and the palace within the complex. It offers a panoramic view of the city of Jaipur. The fort houses the world’s largest cannon on wheels, a majestic palace complex and the assembly hall of the warriors known as ‘Shubhat Niwas’ along with a museum and an armory. Apart from the intricate architecture of the fort, the fort was also renowned for a huge treasure that was believed to be buried under the fort. It is now said that the government of Rajasthan seized the treasure when it was discovered in the 1970s. The Fort was built to secure Jaipur City and the Amer fort from warlords and rivals.
The fort is built with thick walls of red sandstone and is spread over a vast range of 3 kilometers in length, with a width of one kilometer. The fort houses the world’s greatest cannon on wheels known as the ‘Jaivana Cannon’ and a huge palace complex. This includes the Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Aram Mandir and the Vilas Mandir. The fort has a well-tended garden which can be viewed by tourists even today along with an armory and a museum.
The Fort is a palatial structure perched on the ‘Cheel ka Teela’ hills, much like a jewel on a crown. Designed by a talented architect called Vidhyadhar, and is named after Jai Singh II, the ruler under whose regime the fort built.
Nahargarh Fort was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh the founder of Jaipur. The combination of all three Nahargarh Fort, Amer Fort, and Jaigarh Fort, a strong defense formed for Jaipur city. Nahargarh was connected to Jaigarh Fort through its fortifications.
According to regional folk stories, it is believed that the construction of the fort was obstructed by the spirit of Nahar Singh Bhomia. A temple dedicated to him had been constructed to pacify the spirit.
Royal Moti Dungri Shiv Temple
It is one of the oldest Shiv Temple at the middle of the city of Jaipur. A large number of devotees will visit the temple of lord Shiva on a small hill called Moti Dungri. It is opened to the visitors once in a year on Maha Shivratri. The temple is located in the Moti Dungri palace which is a private property of royal family of Jaipur. Famous Ganesh Giri temple is present at the foothill of Moti Dungri. It is always open for public.
Albert Hall Museum
The foundation stone of Albert Hall was laid during the visit of the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward to Jaipur in 1876, it had yet to be determined what use it would be put to. There were some suggestions about cultural or educational use or as a town hall.
Its Indo-Saracenic architecture and stone ornamentation became a source of reference for varied classical Indian styles of design from Mughal to Rajput. Thus, Albert Hall became a center for imparting knowledge of the history of civilizations. Inspiring artisans to improve their skills, and preserving & developing traditional Indian arts, crafts, architectural forms.
Thus, these are some of the best-selected places to visit in Jaipur at a course of limited time. The historic city is well maintained and completely gives the impression of the medieval era.